Category: Europa

Turn 2: September 4-6, 1939

The German turn

The German turn. Movement = Green, Attacks = Orange, Exploitation = Yellow

As expected, the German armored units outside of Warsaw and the infantry in Lodz are out of supply, as indicated by the hit markers (*) placed on them. This reduces their attack factors by half for the following turn. It also reduces their movement by half, a fact I missed until after the turn was over…

In the movement phase, the Germans in the far north consolidated into one stack and moved on Gdynia, overrunning the Polish guard unit parked in front of the city. A little south of that, the Germans crossed the river to try and trap the Polish units on the other side. The rest of the Prussian front stayed mostly static with only some slight shifting to increase the odds for a couple of attacks, while the Panzers outside of Warsaw moved north to provide some flanking (this is where the out of supply rule should have come in, as they wouldn’t have been able to move that far had I read it correctly). Along the primary front in the southwest, more units moved forward onto the line and some stacks were shuffled to maximize armor capabilities and strengthen the line as a whole.

The combat phase started as it had left off in turn one. Defender Retreat results looked like they were again going to be the order of the day.¬† In the north, the Polish units in Gdynia retreated into the much more defensible Hel Fortress hex (which is where the Poles should have moved them on turn one…), and the relatively strong Polish stack that the Germans were trying to trap just south of that was sent back across the river, where they could still use the river as a defense.

Things finally started to break loose along the main front, however. A couple of big attacks with highly favorable odds, spearheaded by German armor and aided by massive bombing raids, finally punched two holes in the Polish line. These holes were solidified and pushed slightly deeper during the exploitation phase. Also during exploitation, the southern most armored units made a sprint deep into Polish territory toward Warsaw, while the northernmost Panzers swung back across the river to re-envelope the infantry that had been forced across the river, and the armor coming out of Prussia linked up with the out of supply Panzers that had been outside of Warsaw.

German paratroopers outside Lwow. The Soviets wait patiently nearby.

German paratroopers outside Lwow. The Soviets wait patiently nearby.

Of final note on the German turn, during the air phase, the Germans took a gamble and airdropped the three German parachute units in the game to the empty hex immediately west of Lwow, the southern most Polish major city (not pictured above). Unfortunately, two of the three units were disrupted during the drop, which means they can’t move or attack during the next German turn. It remains to be seen whether any of the units can get into the unoccupied city before the Poles do…

 

Polish Turn 2

The Polish Turn

The Polish Turn

Where the Polish motto in turn one had been Consolidate and Defend, for turn two it became Consolidate and Withdraw. For the most part, this turn was all about movement. Stacks were strengthened and the number of units in the few remaining fortifications were maximized as much as possible. Warsaw was strengthened with more units moving into and around the city. Also of importance, two border units in the far south east part of the map were railed towards Lwow to try and occupy it before the German paratroopers could. Unfortunately, when using rail movement, you can’t move adjacent to enemy units, so they were stopped just outside Lwow to the east, which means the Germans will be able to occupy the city with one unit on their next turn.

The only combat on the Polish turn was at Lodz, where the Poles managed to mass enough units to get 4:1 odds on the Combat Results Table. This resulted in a DR, which forced the two German infantry units in the city to retreat and, since they didn’t have a clear route of retreat, also flipped them both to their half strength cadre sides. The Poles then occupied the city and filled it with as many combat factors as they could in preparation for the next German assault. The turn ended with the lone exploitation move of the Polish armor units from Lodz back to Warsaw.

Polish troops rush to Lwow. Soviet troops still waiting...

Polish troops rush to Lwow. Soviet troops still waiting…

The situation at the end of turn two.

The situation at the end of turn two.

The War Begins

Turn 1: September 1-3, 1939

The war has commenced.

As with most Europa games, Turn 1 began with the German player turn. The Germans moved up, consolidating and reinforcing stacks in preparation to try to punch holes in the Polish line along the border to the south. In the north, units consolidated and moved east to cut off the Polish units stationed between Germany and Prussia. Other northern German units were brought south to prevent any misguided Polish attempt at entering Germany.

The Germans on the move!

The Germans on the move!

The German air phase was highly disappointing. While German bombers and fighters managed to hit every air field containing Polish air units, only one Polish bomber was destroyed, while several German bombers were aborted or returned. Even though they were heavily outnumbered, the outcome highly favored the Poles.

That brought up the German combat phase, which also proved to be disappointing for the Germans. Even with troops concentrated in strategic spots to maximize the chance of getting some breakthroughs, and fairly favorable odds, the majority of the German rolls  on the Combat Results Table (CRT) came up as Defender Retreats, which merely backed the Poles up without resulting in the hoped for elimination of units. This allowed the Poles to actually consolidate their line further in preparation for their own turn.

The only major German gains occurred in the exploitation phase, where combat motorized units can make a further move. The northernmost German panzer divisions and two motorized infantry divisions (indicated in orange in the picture above) were able to take advantage of the wide open spaces of northern Poland and drive deep behind enemy lines. The two infantry divisions rolled unopposed into the city of Lodz, while the panzers took up position across the river from Warsaw. A bit of a risky gambit, but wars aren’t won by being cautious.

Thus ended the German turn.

End of German Turn 1

End of German Turn 1

Polish Turn 1:

Polish Movement Phase

Polish Movement Phase

The key to Polish victory in Case White is to delay the Germans long enough for Britain and France to intervene. To that end, the Polish motto for turn 1 was Consolidation and Defense. Polish units in the north and northwest retreated behind the relative safety of rivers, where attackers’ strengths will be halved coming across. In the south, units were brought in to shore up the main defensive line, including getting some units into the fortress at Crakow. An attempt was made to get units in position to retake Lodz (more on that later), and units were brought from the east to strengthen Warsaw. All of the Polish armored units (such as they are) were shifted to the north side of Warsaw to counteract the presence of the German Panzer divisions, and finally a unit stack was moved south from the Prussian border to ensure that the Panzer divisions would be out of supply on the next turn.

The Poles had no air phase to speak of. Air units were moved and missions assigned, but ultimately it was all for nothing because…

The Polish declined to partake of the combat phase. There were several places that looked promising for Polish attacks. A couple of spots on the main line where German units were surrounded by multiple stacks, the city of Lodz, a spot or two on the Prussian border. However, when the odds were tallied to prepare for combat, in only two places did the Poles have better than 1:1 odds, and those places were only at 1.5:1. The best result any of the possible Polish attacks could hope for was a Defender Retreats, and that was only a 1 in 6 chance. After much deliberation, the Polish High Command decided not to launch any attacks and hope that their still mostly intact army would be able to blunt the German onslaught on the next turn.

The few casualties from Turn 1

The few casualties from Turn 1

The game at the end of Turn 1

The game at the end of Turn 1